CCTV's variety show - "National Treasures", a program of Wenbo exploration class surrendered a high score of 9.3 points, making Wenbo history return to the public's vision, as a national historical and cultural city of Suzhou, there are naturally many The museum has its own characteristics and sentiments, bearing a heavy historical charm, and the Suzhou City Wall Museum is one of the most distinctive.
Riding the ancient city of Suzhou ring line, feel the history of the big city
Suzhou Ancient City Ring Road is the most convenient route for Suzhou Tour. It passes through many scenic spots, Pingjiang Road with many small bridges in the water lane, the famous Humble Administrator's Garden, Suzhou Museum, and the North Temple Tower of the Old Town... ... cycling to see these familiar spots, it is not the same feeling, through the ancient eight-door, into the long and ancient history of Suzhou.
The oldest city wall in Suzhou can be traced back to the Spring and Autumn Period. The eight city gates are: Pingmen, Qimen, Tuen Mun, Smith Gate, Snake Gate, Pan Gate, Tuen Mun, Tuen Mun.
The ancient city wall is not only magnificent, but also creates a "Asian"-shaped plane layout and a unique structure of the two gates of each water and land, becoming a unique landscape. Later, in the Western Han Dynasty, the Tuen Mun, Limen, and Tuen Mun were opened. The Tang Dynasty opened up the Chimen Gate. During the Republic of China, the South Gate and the Golden Gate were opened. These ancient walls have witnessed the long time of Gusu. During the 2,500 years, how many vicissitudes occurred, inside and outside the wall, the canal up and down...
Suzhou City was originally Zhou Jingwang six years (in the first 514 years) Wu Wangfu ordered Wu Zikai to build the Spring and Autumn Wu Guodu City, Panmen is one of Wudu eight doors, the ancient name of Tuen Mun. There was a wooden dragon on the door to show the town and the country, and because of its "water and land phase half, along the "Huihui", got the name.
Panmen has the prestigious Ruiguang Guta, the unique water and land gate, and the Wumen Ancient Bridge, which is well-known at home and abroad. It is also known as Panmen Sanjing. It is the only preserved ancient water city gate in Suzhou.
The water and land transportation in Tuen Mun is convenient. Since ancient times, it has been called the “Five Dragons Convergence”. The five waterways from here are in the ancient city of Dongtong, Nantong Tumen, Panmen, Xitong Shangtang Fengqiao Hanshan Temple, Beitong Pingmen, Qi Gate, northwest Tongshantang Tiger Hill.
Formerly known as the Gate of the Gate, it is located in the east of the city, because it was once the place where various artisans gathered. It is rumored that Wu Wangxi had once made a sword master to set up a furnace to cast a sword here, so it is also known as the dry door. Later called "phase door" is the change of sound. The door was stuffed at the beginning of the Song Dynasty. The Republic of China was reopened in 23-25 years, was demolished after liberation, and rebuilt in 2012.
After the reconstruction of the gatehouse in the early Qing Dynasty, the title was “Jianghai Yanghua”. The city gate is divided into three parts: the inner city is built with the city building, and there are empty spaces and gates between the three gates. It is very strong. There are also three water gates on the south side of the city gate, and gate devices are also available. The city and the river outside the city are bounded by the suspension bridge and the city. It is also connected to the Lancang River by water and land and extends across the pond. It was later dismantled, leaving only a few traces.
Tuen Mun is located in the south of Suzhou City West Wannian Bridge. The Tuen Mun sits in the east-west direction and is one of the ancient gates that were built when the capital was built in the Spring and Autumn Wu Kingdom. It was named after the Auntie Mountain (namely Gusu Mountain). Together with Panmen, it is the ancient city gate that survived in Suzhou.
The Tuen Mun looks far and wide, the Lijiang River rushes, the 72 peaks are green, the Wuhu Lake is soaking, so the inscription of Lushan is "Auntie Cui Cui". The earliest establishment of Suzhou City is a great credit for Wu Zikai. At that time, Wu Zikai led the staff, worked tirelessly, and tasted the water, like the heavens and the earth, built a big city with a circumference of 47 and an inner city with a circumference of 10 miles.
Pingmen, located in the north of Suzhou City, is the Zhengbei Gate of Suzhou City, similar to Beijing's Deshengmen or Nanjing's central gate. The original city gate and the city wall were demolished in 1958 and rebuilt in 2012.
According to the heavens and the earth, the south part of the city is a snake. This door, also known as the snake door, is said to be a wooden snake hanging on the gate of the city. The head is inward, indicating that the country surrendered to Wu, because at that time Wu and Yue are enemies.
There are three gates in Qimen. There is a water gate in the west gate of the inner city gate. There are two floors of the tower on the door, commonly known as the Drum Tower. There is an inner city river inside, and there is a foreign city river outside. The city is separated by two or thirty meters. Because there are three doors, the road is tortuous and the traffic is inconvenient. In the early 1960s, the Shing Mun Gate was first demolished, and the Shuichengmen was demolished when the sluice was built in 1978.
The Republic of Kinmen opened in 1922 and was reopened in 1931. It was connected to the Nanxin Bridge in a straight line. It was connected to the Jingde Road curve. The city gate was Roman-style and also had three doors.
However, talking about the ancient city wall in Suzhou is actually a very sad story. Under the wheel of history, the walls of Suzhou City Wall have been damaged. The ancient city wall and its ruins are only 15.5 kilometers in length, and the existing three gates, namely the plate. The gate, the gate, the Golden Gate, the city wall 1422 meters and the remains of the city wall 3186 meters.
Relying on the wide moat, only the newly built Tuen Mun, Pingmen and Xiangmen City Walls will show the style of the ancient city. The east section of Panmen, the wall of Nanyuan section, the wall of Tuen Mun City, the gate of Xiangmen Tower and the gate of Hepingmen The 10 sections of the city wall and other ruins have become a beautiful scenery of the ancient city, showing a new look.
Suzhou City Wall Museum: Museum hidden in the city wall
The Xiangmen City Wall was rebuilt in 2012, and the city tower has a four-character plaque. From the south of Xiangmen Bridge, north to the coupling park, east to the moat, west to Pingjiang historical district, the city wall is 725.8 meters long, the tower is 23.6 meters high.
a horizontal platform with 8 carriages at the same time
In the southern section of the Xiangmen section of the city wall, there is a museum - Suzhou City Wall Museum. In addition to the history of the Suzhou city walls and the city, the museum also preserves precious collections that are rare.
The entire city wall museum is divided into two levels, which are divided into six exhibition halls, namely, “Preface Hall”, “City Millennium”, “City Gate Story”, “Outside the City”, “City Head Memory” and “City Wall Recurrence”. The historical changes and archaeological achievements of the ancient city wall, with a lot of pictures, models and some physical objects, give people the most intuitive feeling.
The heavyweight cultural relics in the museum are: the ancient shoal wall specimens stacked on the ash pit during the Warring States period, the threshold gates of the Han Dynasty, the bricks of Pingjiang, and 19 maps of ancient cities in different historical periods in Suzhou. More importantly, the museum completes the history of the ancient city walls and gates of Suzhou.
Into the City Wall Museum is the preface hall. The ground floor tiles are engraved with topographic maps of the Jiangnan area. The top is the starry sky map, and the left is the Suzhou Mudu site. The right side is the old map of 19 different periods of the ancient city of Suzhou. The end is Pingjiang. Figure.
On the right is the entrance to the tour. A painting by the painter Xu Yang of the Qing Dynasty first came into view, recreating the prosperity of Gusu City.
The Millennium City Hall showcases the development and architectural skills of Shuicheng Chengguo.
The collection of gray pottery during the Warring States Period.
City Millennium Millennium City Wall Model.
Wudu County, Yanshui, Tongmenjia Biliu, Green Yang Deep and Shallow Lane, Qinghan River, the corner is the specimen of the ancient earth wall on the ash pit of the Warring States period.
The corner walked up to the second floor, which is the exhibition area of the city gate story. It introduces in detail the past and present life of each Suzhou city gate, and a floating city gate on the ground.
The entire hall details the history and characteristics of the Eight Ancient City Gates.
Walking through a stone bridge in the south of the Yangtze River, it is also an exhibition area outside the city, showing the street scenery of Qishuguan and Tuen Mun.
Part of the art clay sculpture scene inside and outside Tuen Mun, vividly reproduces the prosperous prosperity of the ancient Tuen Mun, and many of the old names of Suzhou are among them.
Tuen Mun, Tuen Mun, Tuen Mun, Qi Men, Ping Men, Pan Men Wood for miniature landscape and water well glass painting.
The corner is the audiovisual area of the memory of Suzhou city.
Walking down the stairs to the first floor, it is the "resurrection of the city wall", showing the status quo and protection plan of the city wall ruins. Fortunately, on March 1 this year, Suzhou passed the ancient city wall protection regulations, which will protect and restore the ancient city walls. To be practical.
Some people say that if Suzhou is built into "New York", one hundred years is enough; if you build New York into "Suzhou", it will be far from enough for a thousand years!
Passing here every day, have you walked into her?
If you come to Suzhou, it is better to leave a little time,
quietly feeling, Suzhou city hidden in the ancient city wall of the long years.
Suzhou City Wall Museum
Address: Suzhou City, Gusu District, Xiangmen Ancient City Wall Area
Opening Hours: 9:00-16:30 (stopped after 16:00), closed on Monday.
Traffic route: Metro Line 1, bus 2/32/89/518/178/ Tour 5 line Xiangmen Station.