Yungang Grottoes - Nine Dragon Wall - (Huayan Temple) - Ancient City Wall Corner Building
Xuankong Temple - Hengshan - (Tulin) - Yingxian Muta - Ancient City Wall Circle
1. Yungang Grottoes: Full ticket ¥120, half ticket ¥60
2. Nine Dragon Wall: Full ticket ¥10, half ticket ¥5
3. Huayan Temple: Full ticket ¥80, half ticket ¥40
4. Hanging Temple: Full ticket ¥125 (Tickets ¥25 , Kaminarimon ¥ 100), half ticket ¥ 63 (entry ticket ¥ 13, Kamishakuen ¥ 50)
5. Hengsan: Due to the rain did not get to the top of the hill, only in the mountainside, the mountain fare ¥ 17, half ticket ¥ 9
6. Yingxian Wooden Tower: Full ticket ¥50 (proposed for a long view)
Yungang Grottoes: 603 tourist line, fare ¥ 3 yuan
Hengshan: from the bus station to take the bus to Wuyuan, a taxi to Hengshan and Xuankongsi, it is recommended carpool or chartered, a person takes you 90 yuan to take the temple - Hengshan - Tu Lin line, if not chartered, in the bus station 30 yuan one-way car, 60 yuan back and forth, and then accompany 4 hours away is not worth it.
Yungang Grottoes is located in the south of Wuzhou Mountain, 17 kilometers west of Datong City, Shanxi Province in northern China. There are 45 main caves, 252 caves, and 51,000 stone sculptures. It is one of the largest ancient grottoes in China. It is also known as Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes, Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang, and Maijishan Grottoes in Tianshui. The Great Cave Art treasure house.
In 1961, it was announced by the State Council as the first batch of key cultural relics protection units in China. It was listed on the World Heritage List by UNESCO on December 14, 2001 and was named the first batch of national 5A tourism scenic spots by the National Tourism Administration on May 8, 2007. .
Through Lingyan Temple and the main hall, it has officially entered the scenic area of the grotto. It is actually quite spectacular to look back.
Judging from the historical records and artistic styles preserved in the grottoes, this magnificent art project is basically a relic of the Northern Wei Dynasty. It has a history of more than 1,500 years. Yungang Grottoes were built in the middle of the Northern Wei Dynasty. The Northern Wei Dynasty experienced "Taiwu Extermination of Buddha" and "Wencheng Fuju." In Wencheng Emperor Period (460-465), the Yungang Grottoes began to be built on a large scale, and was completed in the period of five years (524) by Emperor Xiaoming Zhengguang.
Yungang two foothills divide the grotto into the east, central and west. Most of the eastern grottoes are stupas, so they are also called tower caves.
The eastern part of Yungang Cave is the 1-4 caves at the eastern end of the Yungang Grottoes. The weathering here is more serious, and only the lower story relief of the first wall of the cave remains intact. Caves 1 and 2 were set for the same period and were cut before the Emperor Xiaowen's Qianluo. The center of the cave was carved into a square pagoda and the statues were opened on all sides.
In each tour, the Yungang Grottoes and the Mogao Grottoes only open part of the caves and take turns to face tourists, in order to allow these cultural treasures to be better preserved and circulated. So we just saw the most famous 5,6 caves.
The 5th and 6th Caves of Yungang are located in the middle of the Yungang Grottoes, and a series of double caves were built around 465-494 before the Xiaowen Emperor Qianlong. In front of the temple, there are five four-storey wooden pavilions built in the Qing Dynasty of Shunzhi (1651). Zhu Hongzhu and Glazed tile roofs are quite spectacular. Cave 5 is shaped as an oval grasshopper, divided into front and rear rooms. The north wall deity of the posterior chamber is Sakyamuni's sitting statue, 17 meters high. It is the largest statue of Buddha in Yungang and was externally reinstalled in Tang Dynasty clay sculpture.
The blue snails on the top of the Buddha's head are covered with clear outlines of the facial features, white dots, dark eyes, narrow eyebrows, long noses, quasi-brimbrows, double-legged shoulders, squats, shoulders, and shoulders, giving a dignified and solemn, The feeling of kindness. The right side of the main Buddha is the Maitreya Buddha of the future, and the left side is the past Gaya Buddha. Opposite the main Buddha, there are two Buddhist statues, two stories high and about 1 meter in height, setting off the Lord Buddha's height and majesty.
After seeing a lot of caves, we may notice that in each cave, the statues of Buddhas are dissatisfied with small and large holes. This is because the exterior of the stone statues should have a layer of pulp painted on them, and the mudstones will be directly coated with mud. It's easy to fall off, hit a few holes to put the mud into it, and after drying it forms a whole with the mud on the outside, which is equivalent to inserting the layer of skin on the stone statue, so it will be longer and more difficult to fall off than the direct mud. Over time, weathering has intensified and these holes remain.
The open-air statue of Buddha in Cave 20 is well known as a symbol of the Yungang Grottoes. The main image is as high as 13.7 meters. The face is plump and dignified, and the shoulders are generous and straight. The right armpit is worn, the knot is sitting, the gesture is the big eye Tathagata, and the implication is Zen. Zen thoughts, the meaning of inner peace. It is said that Shi Yingying Buddha adopted this posture when he was contemplating and meditation under the Bodhi tree. The open-air Big Buddha is a symbol of the Emperor Wen Cheng. He restored the Dharma, drove the Yungang Grottoes, and smiled at the mouth of the Buddha, showing Buddhists' respect for him. The statues of the Buddhas are arranged in a ladder-like manner, and the lines are concise, showing a thick and thick texture, reflecting the characteristics of the key figures and clothing in the pastoral areas of Central Asia.
No.21 to Cave 45 in the western part of the Yungang Grottoes was the construction project after the Luoyang moved to the Northern Wei Dynasty. After the relocation of Xiaowen Emperor Pingcheng, a large number of middle and lower aristocrats and Buddhist monks remained. The time for the excavation of the caves began in 494 and ended in 524. The scale is small and the types of caves are complex. The late Yungang Grottoes are mainly represented by 33rd, 35th, 38th, and 39th, and popular three-walled and three-style caves.
In some open-air caves, due to the improper protection of ancient cultural relics after the founding of the PRC, there was a lot of etching on it, coupled with the pollution of coal dust in recent years, which cast a gray coat on the grottoes, so the government allocated large sums of money to build roads. Diverted to protect the grotto from further damage.
After visiting the group of grottoes and going to the Yungang Grottoes Museum, the design of this museum really fits in with the beauty of the contemporary people. It retains classics while embedding some modern atmosphere.
This attraction in Jiulongbi is really a subversion of my understanding of scenic spots. It is really worthy of the fare. For 5 yuan, you can take a photo of Zhang Zhao and you can see where you can see.
However, apart from the scenic spots, the appearance of the Nine-Dragon Wall in elementary school textbooks has always existed in the mind. As the walls facing the gates in the building gates, the Nine-Yong Pik wall highlights the noble and imposing manner. The representative Nine-Dragon Wall in China is more representative. The National Palace Museum in Nine Dragons, Datong Nine Dragon Wall and the North Sea in Nine Dragons Wall are known as China's "Three Nine Kowloon Walls." If you come to see if you don't come in, take a look at what is in your mind.
Of course, there is a dragon's wall, three dragons' walls, five dragons' walls, and seven dragon's walls in China's Long Bi. These are most distinguished in the form of the Nine-Dragon Wall. They are often seen in the ancient palaces of the emperors and empresses, and the Nine-Dragon Wall is mainly glazed and colored. , brick and other materials produced, the overall has a very high artistic value.
As the landmark building of the ancient city, Sipailou was visited by many tourists. In the four archways, each square was built with the main entrance, and the right and left doors were about three feet high and about five hundred feet wide. In the four arches, the main entrance is filled with a sharp amount of square footage, the east is “Heyang Street”, the west is “Qingyuan Street”, the south is “Wingtai Street”, the north is “Wuding Street”, and the yellow is black. Two square feet of each character is written by Datong calligrapher Wang Dexin when he rebuilt the archway in the Qing Dynasty. The entire building is beautifully constructed and magnificent. Unfortunately, in 1952, the four arches were demolished due to the obstruction of traffic. The image below shows the style of restoration and reconstruction.
The red walls of Huayan Temple are very solemn and simple.
In fact, originally intended to take a look at Huayan Temple, but then think about it, or give up the sights, ready to go to the ancient city corner to take a look. In fact, if there is time, if you are interested, it is still very recommended for this place.
The temples of Huayan Temple are magnificent and imposing. They are one of the important temples of Huayanzong in China during the Liao and Jin Dynasties. The front yard has a gate, a memorial hall, and a cloud water hall. The backyard has a guest room, a meditation hall, and a shacks. The main buildings in the temple are the Main Hall (Shang Temple) and the Bogar Temple (Hei Temple). The Bogar Temple was built in the seven years of Liao Zhongxi (1038). It was five wide and deep into the fourth, with a rigorous architectural structure and a robust form. The hall contains 31 statues of the Liao Dynasty. Among them, the statue of the palm-toothed buddha statue is graceful, beautiful and moving, and has the highest artistic value. There are 38 Tibetan Buddhist temples on the four walls. In the middle of the temple, a day's palace is suspended. These exquisite wooden models have important scientific value for the study of ancient Chinese architectural art. Liang Sicheng, a famous architect, called it an “unique domestic product”. From the beginning of 2006 to 2011, the Datong Municipal Committee reorganized near Huayan Temple and is now larger than any period of history.
Datong Ancient City Wall (Overcast)
The most beautiful northwest corner of Datong City Wall.
The gates of Datong, brothers looked up and looked really spectacular.
The ancient city in the rain, with no crowds, seemed to have more charm.
Hanging Temple is located in the cliff of Cui Pingfeng, west of Hengshan Jinlong Gorge, Wuyuan County, Datong City, Shanxi Province. It is known as the "hanging temple, half-height, and three horse tails hanging in the air". It is famous for its deep danger. Built in the late Northern Wei Dynasty 1,400 years ago, it is the only temple in China where Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism were the only ones.
Xuankongsi was originally called "Xuangakuang" and "Xuan" was taken from the Taoist teachings of Chinese traditional religions. The "empty" originated from the teachings of Buddhism. Later it was renamed "The Hanging Temple" because the whole temple was like a cliff Above, in Chinese, "hang" and "xuan" are homonyms, hence the name. He was selected as one of the ten most unstable buildings in the world of Time magazine.
Hanging Temple depends on this root from the pillar built on the stone wall to survive a thousand years.
Among the many temples in China, this temple is considered a wonderful building. The temples are generally built on the ground. However, this vacant temple is worthy of name. It was built on a cliff and hung in the air. Its design ideas are truly absolute, and its architectural art can be described as truly high. The mountains here are steep and steep. On both sides are cliffs that stand more than a hundred meters and resemble axe blades. Hanging temples are built on the cliffs, or on cliffs like pasted ones, there is a tendency to fly voluptuously. , unique.
Sometimes I really lament that the craftsmen who were at their wits were able to let these later generations see what this person can't imagine now.
From Datong, it has been raining and it has been raining. Leaving the Xuankong Temple drove to Hengshan.
Due to the rainy weather, Hengshan is not allowed to hike up the mountain to the mountainside, and is located in a place less than 200 meters from the top of the mountain; alternatively, it costs 160 yuan to take the cable car to the top. There are several Shanghai office workers from Beijing and Beijing. For all of them, they were all fur and they said that they only came up and later learned that they would have to pay another 30 yuan to go to the top of the temple. Along with us, there was also a sister from Changde, Hunan, who chose to take a look at the hillside and the other three chose the cable car.
After the rain stopped, Hengshan shrouded in the cloud of the sea, but unfortunately this scene did not last long, it was scattered by the light rain. However, I feel that this 9 dollar ticket is really super-profitable.
There was still a station of earth forest out of Hengshan, and we were consulted by several people in the car. I felt that it would be better if the forest was filled with earth. Then one person gave the driver 20 yuan and went to the more famous Yingxian Wooden Pagoda.
Ying County Wooden Tower
Ying County Wooden Pagoda is also known as Sakya, and the full name of Buddha Palace is Sagata. It is located in the northwest Buddha Palace in the Yingxian County of Shuozhou City, Shanxi Province. It was built in the second year of Liaoqingning Ning (AD 1056), and Jin Mingchang was completed in six years (AD 1195). It is the oldest and most ancient wooden tower building in China, and the only wooden tower-style tower. It is also known as the "Three Greatest Towers in the World", with the Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy and the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
The carved wooden walls outside the wooden tower are full of Chinese charm.
From Yingxian to Datong, it was already cloudy and sunny, and the sun was just right. Take a good look at this ancient city.
Compared to the newly renovated ancient city, I prefer this authentic old house. It reveals the traces of years, bricks and tiles, but perhaps it has been razed to the ground sometime next year.
Datong Ancient City Wall (Qing)
The ancient city wall of Datong personally felt that it would be more affordable than Xi’an. The ground road conditions were newly built, so the ride was very smooth and the construction of the turret or the city was very delicate. Although the city was not very easy because of the demolition. On the top, but it has been very good in terms of the city wall.
The magnificent octagonal building on the wall
The Wild Goose Pagoda on the ancient city is located on the southeast corner of the Datong City Wall. Built in the Ming Dynasty's Tianqi years, the wind and clouds over the centuries, sun rises and rises. The Wild Goose Pagoda observes the peace and peace of the ancient city of Datong with its unique charm. Known as the "city of needles" in the ancient city. At the beginning of the construction of the tower, the nation’s warfare has just ended, with the Yuhe River in the east, the Sanggan in the south, and the Great Wall in the north, the Wild Goose Pagoda can reconnoitrely monitor the military situation and can also observe the scenery. The style of the times was given to it, part of the structure and components, showing the characteristics of the Liao and Jin Dynasties, the architectural features of the Datong area, towers up to 0.75 meters, blue stone masonry, a positive hexagon, 1.5 meters on each side, wood-like structure architecture There are two arches on the ground floor, one on each side, and one on the six sides, engraved with the titles and address of the ancient generations, and the hollow towers of the seven octagonal columns, showing its completeness, uniqueness, and uniqueness.