To Mogao Grottoes, in addition to watching the cave can see?
Visitors to Dunhuang, the first choice depends on the Mogao Grottoes. Of course, the mystery and artistic charm of the Millennium Buddha country will surely impress you deeply. However, in addition to the two wonderful digital movies and the physical caves that are visited by professional instructors, what else can you see and feel in the Mogao Grottoes? Ordinary tourists stay in the area of the cave, in addition to queuing the ticket, generally will not exceed 1-1.5 hours. However, it is worth living a little longer here, walking along the edge of Luquan River and Tallinn. There are many historical traces of the story.
The Cishi Wooden Tower that is half an century earlier than the wooden tower of the prefecture
In front of the Grottoes Grottoes in the south of the Mogao Grottoes, there is a verdant lush forest. There is a small tower named "City's Tower" a hundred steps away from the nine-story building and the small archway. This tower was originally located between the waste temples on the foothills of the Sanwei Mountain about 15 kilometers from the Mogao Grottoes. In 1981, the Dunhuang Research Institute of the Dunhuang Institute of Cultural Relics completed the tower and its murals and statues for the protection of cultural relics. Demolition without loss to the front of the Mogao Grottoes.
The Cishi tower is a single-frame wooden octagonal, exquisite, exquisite appearance, such as kiosks. As a wooden tower, it may be earlier than the earliest domestic wooden tower in Yingxian County; if it is a pavilion, it is the earliest known physical object. The beautiful Fengzi of the Cishi Tower and the Millennium Mogao Grottoes are reflected in each other, which is of great ornamental and research value.
The front wall of the tower is open to the square door, and the two sides of the doorway are slushing with double dragons. The side of the door is painted on the side of the square and the ink book “Tower of the Cishi” has four characters. The name of the Cishi tower comes from here. According to the structure of the tower and the style of painting and sculpture, the Mogao Grottoes were painted in the same period of time. The era of the construction of the tower was about the Five Dynasties to the beginning of the Song Dynasty.
Lonely tower watcher, Wang Taoshi said after the eternal merits
Mr. Yu Qiuyu once wrote in his prose “Taoist Tower”: “Beside the gates of the Mogao Grottoes, there is a river. There is a slip of land across the river. Several towering monks are built in a towering manner. The tower is round and round. The gourd is covered in white, and from a few gallops of view, the tower heart has a wooden stake, surrounded by yellow clay, and the base has been built with blue bricks. The monks who have presided over the Mogao Grottoes are not rich and can be found here. Seeing the proof, the sun sets, and the hurricane winds, this towering group is even more desolated.In
1931 , the king of Taoism in Macheng, Hubei Province, this ancient historical figure finally wandered through his life.His disciples and his grandchildren took him. He was buried in the Mogao Grottoes River, built an earthen tower that was very grand at the time, and established a meritorious wooden monument. Today, this tower became a scene of the Mogao Grottoes, whether it was as a merit or a memorial tower. Or, Wang Shishi’s column of shame has become a historical record.
The unmissable sunset over the Mogao Grottoes
If you choose to visit the cave in the afternoon, when the sun sets, Wan Xia slowly pours into the cliff face. The whole cave seems to be covered in a golden coat. You can stroll around Tallinn on the east bank of the Luquan River before the break to see the last light before the sunset on the top of the Three Dangers. Sunrise and sunset, moving around, witnessing this scene, can only realize the ancients made holes in the opening of the Sanwei Mountain, and it has gone through many years of vicissitudes.
Especially during the busy season when visitors are in the weaving season, after the evening people's tide is gradually fading away, can we truly understand what is called Wanxie's silence, and what is called silence at this time?
In front of the Grottoes Grottoes in the south of the Mogao Grottoes, there are lush green trees. There is a small tower named "City's Tower" a hundred steps away from the Nine-story Building and the Little Archway. This tower was originally located between the waste temples on the foothills of the Sanwei Mountain about 15 kilometers from the Mogao Grottoes. In 1981, the Dunhuang Academy of the Dunhuang Institute of Cultural Relics completed the tower and its murals and statues for the protection of cultural relics. Demolition without loss to the front of the Mogao Grottoes.
Do you want to see San Weishan Sunrise?
If you want to see the Sanweishan Sunrise, it is advisable to bring some cars from the city to the top of the mountain. The Leshan Church in Sanweishan is the best place to enjoy the sunrise. Starting from the exhibition center of the Mogao Grottoes, it takes about one hour to walk and it is safe to leave enough time for walking and walking.
According to legend, the first cave of the Mogao Grottoes was built by the Monk of the Leshan. In order to commemorate his merits, he built the Le Tuo Tang on the Three-Rivers Hill in the east of the Mogao Grottoes. The couplet on the post is: "The Holy Shrine held a glimpse of Jinguang Grotto to create a foundation for Mogao, and Qianfeng had thousands of Buddhas in Lingyan's Treasure to fulfill its merit." At this sunrise, Jin Guang shines On the occasion, looking back at the dust of history, the legend on the Millennium Cliff will have more emotion.
The straight line distance from the exhibition center to Lepingtang is 1.8 km and the walking time is about 45 minutes. Leaving the Mogao Grottoes and heading east through a Gobi Beach, you can see Le Tuo Tang standing on a hill in the distance. Walk up to the foot of the hill to see the three pagodas, walk in from the valley next to the pagoda, climb to the right and climb uphill to reach.
What are some unpopular attractions that Dunhuang has overlooked but worth a visit?
Looking at the sea in the desert, floating on the water "Ghost City": water Yadan
Yadan landform refers to a kind of special wind erosion landform in the dry area. In addition to the Yadan Geological Park on the West Line of Dunhuang, commonly known as Yadan Demon City, you can imagine that there is a 365 km away from Dunhuang. "Water Devil City", Yadan landform is like an island floating in the water.
As we all know, the landform of Yadan is the ground formed by sediments of rivers and lakes. After weathering, intermittent water scouring and wind erosion, we form wind erosion mounds and wind erosion pits parallel to and prevailing in the direction of the wind (grooves). ). You must be puzzled. How did the water Yadan come into being? In fact, it is very simple, because the Nalinger River diversion, the flow of water to the hinterland of the city of Qaidam, diffused over the original Yadan landform here, and it became a "Ghost City" floating on the water.
It is advisable to visit the warmer season from May to September. It is more suitable for summer vacations. Of course, it needs to be reserved for at least two days. Longer round trips, along the way can also experience the old Aksai County (movie "Nine-storey demon tower" shooting), about 3600 meters above sea level when the Jinshan Pass, the vast open grasslands south of the Altun Mountains, will make you excited You have to press the shutter. All the way to the south, from the fish card hub to the west, did not take long to enter the Yadan landform. Don't worry, because the later Yadan is more shocking. You can park your car on the edge of the landforms and walk in. If you have good physical strength, you can climb up and take a panoramic view of Yadan from above.
If you are cool and have plenty of time, then take the 315 National Road to Dachaidan Town. If you are not particularly critical of the accommodation, we recommend staying here for one night. It is recommended that the Holiday Inn Mt. Dachaidan Mushan is a budget hotel but it is already in the middle of the area. The local cuisine is characterized by roast lamb, mutton, etc. You can also go to the hot spring ditch and enjoy the snow-capped hot springs. With luck, starry sky is sure to be the most pleasant surprise.
Opening hours Open
all year round, it is recommended to visit the
ticket prices from May to September.
Currently no tickets are required.
Looking for the earliest murals of Xuan Zang and the Monkey King: Guzhou Yulin Grottoes
Yulin Cave, also known as Wanfo Gorge, is located in the south of Guazhou County, Gansu Province, 163 kilometers from Dunhuang City. The caves were built on the east-west cliffs on both banks of the Yulin River canyon, and were named after the banks of the banyan trees. The Yulin Grottoes have exquisite murals no less than those of the Mogao Grottoes. It is recommended to pay a separate fee to visit Cave 3 and Cave 25 of the Special Caverns.
Cave 3 is located on the north side of the east cliff below the east cliff of the Yulin Grottoes and sits on the east and west sides. The plane is rectangular, and the top of the cave is a shallow dome. An octagonal three-level Buddhist altar is located at the center of the cave and is a mandala (mandala). form. The lower part of the cave wall and the two side walls are the Buddhist altars of the Qing Dynasty. The original altars on the center and the altars on the altars are more than 40 pieces of original plastic. The Buddhist altars and statues on the north and south walls have been demolished. The center of the cave is the five-party Buddha Mandala of King Kong. In the center of the Dongbi, eight towers are painted, in the south, fifty-one thousand and one thousand eyes are painted, the north side is painted with eleven thousand eyes, and the north side is painted with the concept of immutability, and the two sides are respectively painted by King Kong Man. Jurassic and five-sided Buddha Mandala; the northern wall of the Central Plains to paint pure land, both sides painted the five sides of the Buddha Mandala and Kwan-yin Mandala; West Gate painted Vimalakirti Sutra (residual), Mennan Puxian Change, the north of the door to change.
Cave 25 is located on the north side of the upper east cliff and was built after the Tubo occupation of Guazhou (776 AD). This cave is a front and rear room, before the front room has a long frontal tunnel, the front plane is horizontally rectangular, a slope top. After a short rear ramp into the main room. The main room is a flat square shrouded in a shroud. The center has a square altar. There is only one statue of the main statue on the altar. It is a portrait of a monk, but after the Qing Dynasty was rebuilt, the rest of the statues have been destroyed. The main contents of the frescoes are: Where there is the Bishamen Gate where the kings will go, there will be the Southern King and the Northern King. Most of the frescoes in the main chamber cavern fall off, leaving 1,000 Buddhas in the remnants of the caverns; the paintings of the Manjurasa Sutra of the Eight Great Bodhisattvas in the Tang Dynasty; the Maitreya Sutra in the north; the meridian changes in the south wall; and the Wenhuashu in the two sides of the front wall. , Puxian change.
Season: May 1st to October 31st: 9:00-17:30 (16:30 stop selling tickets)
Off-season: November 1 to April 30: 10:00-17:00 (16: 00 Stop ticketing)
Ordinary open cave: Chinese guests 40 yuan/person; foreign guests 55 yuan/person (including 15 foreign language lecture fees)
Special cave charging standards: 100 yuan per person in Cave 2; 150 yuan per person in Cave 3; 100 yuan per person in Cave 4; 200 yuan per person in Cave 25
The most important town on the Silk Road: Suoyang City
In the ancient Silk Road, the city of Suoyang was the only city to pass through. On the occasion of the prosperous Tang Dynasty, it used to be the convergent land of the Four Ways. Therefore, at that time, the city of Suoyang was an important military hub. Archaeological discoveries also show that it has been discovered so far, and the Hexi Corridor is the largest and most complete preserved ancient city. The ancient city of Suoyang, ancient rivers, ancient temples, ancient tombs, and ancient garrison areas are all integrated into one; the ancient military defense system and the 烽燧 information transmission system here are the best preserved model for us; the desertification of mulberry fields The evolution process is also the most typical living specimen in western China.
In the northeast of the city of Suoyang, there is a large temple building site called the Ta'er Monastery. More than 1,300 years ago, the Ta'er Monastery ushered in a monk, Xuan Zang, who went to learn from the West. He had stayed here for more than a month, and the prototype of the Monkey King, who was a man of stone, was his master.
Season: May 1 to October 31: 8:30-18:00 (Sale at 17:30)
Low season: November 1 to April 30: 9:00-17:00 ( 16:30 Stop Ticketing)
Season: 95 yuan/person (including battery car and explanation)
Off-season: 50 yuan/person (can drive in your car, including explanation)
A low-key and mysterious ancient station: Hiranozu home
Suicangji is known as a major new discovery in the archaeological community in the 1990s. Hometown is equivalent to a post in the future. Archaeological excavations show that in the same year (101 BC) when Li Guangli was attacked by Dachangwan in the same year (101 BC), the Western Han Dynasty set up a special task to transfer official documents, mails, and receive past officials, envoys, The important institution of the military - Sugiyama. This Han Dynasty site was discovered in 1987. Since 1990, the Gansu Provincial Culture and Culture Department has organized cultural relics and archeological experts to conduct a two-year excavation. The site area is 2,400 square meters, and more than 15,000 Han bamboo slips and 17,650 pieces have been excavated. All kinds of objects have achieved remarkable results and have also made a stir in the academic world.
There are more than 21,000 pieces of simple and unearthed bamboo in the spring. The shape system includes Jian, Sui, Shu, Sealed inspection, and cutting clothing. The Ji Nian Jian was the earliest three years of the Emperor Wudi (94 BC), and the later was the thirteenth year of the Emperor YongYuan (AD 101). Among them, Emperor Xuandi, Yuandi and Chengdi were the most. Contents include script, legal order, scientific article, syllabary, book, sigmoidal, symbol, biography, calendar, operative number book, vocabulary, doctor's prescription, and Sama et al. Unearthed more books on the walls of the ink book inscriptions, the contents of books and prescriptions, etc., especially in the first five years of the Western Han Dynasty Ping Yuan (AD 5), "the messenger and the inspector of the order of the four-month order of 50," straight forward Lishu The fonts are neat and well-preserved, and they are the latest data on the study of the Han Dynasty history of laws, agricultural techniques and medicine.
Other unearthed relics include 16 major categories of copper, iron, lacquer, wood, bone, leather, silk, hemp, paper, wool, and grain, totaling more than 3,250 pieces. Among them, a large number of excavated hemp papers from the Western Han Dynasty and the Xuan period proved that as early as the Western Han Dynasty, paper was widely used as a writing instrument in the northwestern border regions.
Dunhuang is 60 km away and is open all day. Tickets are free.
The old dream of the yellow sand next to the grape town: Shouchang City
On the east side of Dunhuang South Lake, there is a ruined city covered by rolling sand. This is the address of Shouchang City. In the past, the downtown city had disappeared, and only a few fragments of the wreckage were tenaciously struggling in the sand dune to withstand wind erosion, and stood proudly for more than a thousand years.
The ruins of the ancient city are easy to find. If you go to Yang Guan, you can search along the way. Shouchang is a sand dune in the city. There are only intermittent cities on the east, west and north sides. There is only a wall base in the south. The walls are all made of red clay soil, and there are gray and red pottery pieces and Han relics in the clay. The walls are high and low, up to 4 meters. There is a kiln site 70 meters southeast of the city. There are large plots of cottages and farmland on the north and east, all covered by sand dunes. The sand and sand moved, and there were ancient bricks, pottery pieces, coins, and arrows and other exposures in the sand dunes. These were relics of the Han and Song dynasties.
Shouchang City can often be seen inside the black and white round pebbles, there are smooth and delicate finished products, there are semi-finished products, there are unprocessed black and white rubble heap. After research, this is an ancient chess piece. According to the Dunhuang posthumous book, "Distant Records": In the Tang Dynasty, Shazhou paid 20 pieces of chess pieces to the court each year. Shouchang County was the origin of the processing of go pieces.
Dunhuang is 53 km away and is open all day. Tickets are free.
Oasis in the Desert: Dunhuang Xihu Wetland Scenic Area
As a world-famous desert oasis, the natural ecological landscape of Dunhuang has unique characteristics. The West Lake Wetland Ecological Park has representative significance. Ecological Park is located 8 km west of Yumen Pass. Between Yumenguan and Demon City, it is the last green barrier to stop the movement of the Kumtaga Desert to the east, protect Dunhuang, and protect the Mogao Grottoes. Historically, it is also the ancient Silk Road. West exit Yumen Pass first station.
And there is also the opportunity to see the Przewalski horses. This is a wild horse with strong drought tolerance. Since they mainly live in the Gobi desert and desert areas (a few live in the grasslands), the source of aquatic plants is not so abundant. They often need long-distance migration to find water sources and grasslands in order to fill their stomachs. Therefore, the Przewalski horse is a lot lighter than an artificially domesticated horse, but the lack of nutrient supply does not mean that the body of the Przewalski horse is not strong. In fact, the Przewalski horse runs very fast, and it is also large in endurance. Most horse species cannot compare. Although Przewalski’s wild horses are highly adaptable to the environment, they are no better than camels, so the Przewalski horses in many areas have become regionally extinct and have now been included in the ranks of animal protection at the national level.
Dunhuang is 53 km and is open all day, with a ticket of RMB 40 per person.
The prosperity of spring, the flourishing of summer, the abundance of autumn, the quiet of winter, I have walked through the four seasons of the small city of Silk Road. If you are preparing to set foot on this ancient and legendary land, please be sure to bring with you enthusiasm, sincerity, and the heart of exploration. Let's experience a different kind of Dunhuang together.