Nanxun ancient town, located in Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province, the southern bank of Taihu Lake, and Wujiang District, Suzhou, Jiangsu border. The 33-km-long Grand Canal tributary of the Grand Canal, Qutang, runs through the ancient town of Nanxun and connects to the Pingwang Canal in Suzhou in the east. It finally enters the Huangpu River in Shanghai, while to the north it can reach Huzhou.
Because of the development of ancient shipping industry, Nanxun ancient town was a trading center very early. Nanli Qili Village produces "Jiari Lake," which was awarded the gold and silver award at the First World Exposition in London, England during the Xianfeng period. Nanxun rich side, there have been a large number of dignitaries and lofty businessmen, but also left a large number of ancient buildings and cultural heritage in the ancient town, but also have today to see the charm of southern Yangtze River town of ancient town .
Nanxun, now a district of Huzhou City, and Nanxun ancient town about 34 square kilometers, all over the river, old houses, gardens and other places of interest, came Nanxun town, will be its unique charm of the countryside, can be said , Nanxun ancient town, the basic can represent the culture and beauty of the ancient town of Jiangnan.
How to Nanxun town?
Highway : self-driving high-speed Lianxian Nanxun exit, and then navigate to Nanxun ancient town.
Aviation : There is no airport in Huzhou, and the neighboring airports are Hangzhou Xiaoshan Airport and Shanghai Hongqiao Airport respectively. Arrived in Hangzhou Xiaoshan Airport, you can choose to take a bus to Huzhou, every hour there is a bus about 100 km from the fare of 63 yuan, the bus arrived in Huzhou, Zhejiang North Terminal, the transfer of 101 bus can reach Nanxun Guzhen; starting from Shanghai Hongqiao Airport, you can transfer directly to the airport in Huzhou high-speed rail, second-class seat fare is 110 yuan. Because Hongqiao station to Huzhou train only three shifts a day, the time could not keep up, you can go to Hongqiao Airport from Shanghai Hongqiao Coach Terminal to take a bus to Huzhou, an hourly shuttle bus, the entire about 90 km, the fare 47 yuan. After the bus to Huzhou Terminal, the same transfer to the bus 101 town.
High Speed Rail : Huzhou station in Zhejiang, and then transfer to the Tai'an Road 101 bus station, fare 8 yuan, get off and walk directly to the town. Taian Road Station can also take the human tricycle to the ancient town tourist service center, the fare of 10 yuan per person, playing a taxi is 6 yuan.
Nanxun ancient town tickets : 100 yuan each, pass the system, all the scenic spots inside the exhibition hall as long as the brush can be released tickets, so after the purchase of tickets must be properly safekeeping.
Nanxun ancient town more playable place, it is recommended to spend two days, savor the ancient town of water. The classic tour routes are as follows: The
first day , afternoon arrived in Nanxun ancient town, tour Bai Building, Nanxun Old Street, ancient stone bridge, 100-day stay in the "poem margin Jiangnan" Inn; the
next day , Visit Zhang Shiming old house, small lotus Zhuang, Ka Yip library, Liu ladder number, Zhang Jingjiang former residence, return.
The first day of tour, Jiangnan Water Village at the beginning of experience
The whole town of Nanxun is similar to a dialect of "Zhi". The front entrance of the scenic area is at the bottom of the "zhi", while the " 100-floor " buildings along the river in the Ming and Qing Dynasties are located at the top of "zhi". Hundred floor, as the name suggests there are 100 buildings, really good. It ranks in the "Tong" canal tributaries of the two sides, covering an area of more than 400 meters of Ming and Qing dynasties constitute the most waterfront landscape, the current 100 floor is free tickets to visit.
According to legend, "100 floor" is the Ming Dynasty Shang Dong, in order to let his slave house built. The book is still Nanxun, so he did not expect that four hundred years later today, a hundred buildings become the tourist attractions of the ancient town of Nanxun.
Hundreds of floor of the river was semicircular curved, residential areas on both sides of the river are basically covered corridor, as in the past Western buildings arcades, but the arcades on top of the arcades is housing. And the corridor of 100 buildings, the bottom with wooden posts, the top is covered with green tiles, two-story home houses, will be retracted into a period, which Linhe side, all with wooden windows. Open the wooden window from the second floor, you can enjoy the whole picture of the canal.
In rows of dwellings, every time a household is separated, a circle of doors must be built below the corridor of the porch, and the door of the circle under the park shall only serve as a sidewalk for the two pedestrians. From one gate to another, pedestrians know that they have entered the site of another family. Above the gate, all have a tall horse wall for partition, which is the ancients in the building when considering the need for fire prevention. In front of the residents' house, many wharfs are built along the banks of the river. The wharves of large families can have about two revetments and the wharves of small families are one-way revetments.
Hundreds of floor of the river, built a reinforced cement bridge, called "Long Bridge" , which is the history of Nanxun ancient town of the first cement bridge, which was completed in 1925, nearly a century, the old bridge is still It is one of the 100 most convenient travel routes for residents on both sides of the Taiwan Strait.
The most beautiful scenery of the 100th floor is the setting of residential houses along the clear water of the river. Because the river is no longer driving boats, the reflection on the river surface, the sun or sunset every morning, making the 100-floor look very quiet. This is also the most original ecology I have seen in many of the rivers and lakes that I have come across.
After visiting the 100-floor building, you can go to connect a hundred buildings and the ancient town of the core area of a shopping street. This street is called "East Street . " East Avenue is less than a kilometer long, but the centuries-old shops of Nanxun and the former residence of celebrities are brought together on both sides of the street. However, some houses are not yet open to the outside world. On the west side of East Avenue, there is an old stage of Nanxun, which was once brilliant too.
East Main Street is also built near the river, mostly shops along the river Pai Pai main store in the morning need to remove the wooden door, in the evening and then re-install Pai Pai, is full of an antique Street. Only few people on the streets, most tourists only to the core attractions of the ancient town tour.
The most famous street on East Avenue is the two ancient bridges across the Tongtang Canal. The entire ancient town of Nanxun is said to have three ancient bridges with a long history. Two of them are located on East Avenue. They are Tongjin Bridge and Hongji Bridge respectively. The ancient bridge is a round hole stone arch bridge, paved with stone. Because of its age, many stones have been polished by pedestrians. Standing on the ancient bridge, you can view the entire East Street and the ancient Grand Canal, especially when the sun sets, the scenery on both sides of the canal is even more magnificent.
Choose to stay in the 100-floor , mainly due to the evening and morning, enjoy the most beautiful scenery of the water, 100-room night, but also fascinating. Night along the corridor along the river, walk in the bluestone shop on the stone road, to listen to residents speak in Wuyu, giving the impression that like back to the past.
Hundred House has a "poem edge Jiangnan" Inn, which is the use of old houses along the river from the transformation. Because the residential area of Linhe originally had a small area, the inn was distributed in three places along the river. Interior decoration also has the characteristics of Jiangnan Water Village, in front of or behind the house there is a small courtyard, planting some flowers, I live in the hospital there is a wooden swing, sitting around and swing chatting at night. Inn weekdays in the price of more than 400 yuan a room, and provide catering services to guests.
To Nanxun, the local cuisine can not live up to it. This season, "Lake Fresh" do not say, Taihu Lake crabs have been listed in the "Poetry margin Jiangnan" inn Linhe small restaurant, dinner when the owner steamed a plate of crabs, and then on a few mouthfuls of locally produced "wine" . Night autumn wind to send smoked, crabs taste charming, of course, ultimately, to taste Nanxun "Braised South Hoof", the whole pig trotter but not greasy, with the famous "Shen million three hooves" have a ratio.
Tour the next day, opened the treasure box of ancient town culture
This day is the highlight of visiting the ancient town, all the secrets of the ancient town will be opened on this day, and then we will look along the route to visit the attractive southern town of Nanxun.
The core area of Nanxun Ancient Town is in the lower part of the "zi" shape. The inner part of the town is separated by a "d" shaped river. When both sides of the river are covered with houses, old houses and gardens, if you enter the scenic area after purchasing tickets from the visitor center, From the "Ding" foot to visit, the foot part of the small lotus and Jia Yatang Library. After the tour of these two spots, they will have to go along the river crossing to the intersection of "Ding", where there are Zhang Shiming's old house, Liu's ladder, and the ancient bridge's third ancient bridge, "Guanghui Bridge . "
After the visit of these attractions is completed, you can continue to walk towards the direction of the 100 floor, you can also from the boat dock Wai Kwong Wai, take the swing boat, to visit the former residence of Zhang Jingjiang . Nanxun ancient town rocking boat, is the real rocker, each boat has a rocker of the public, hand-made clogs, paddling forward. Unlike some scenic rocking shovels provided, is the transformation of a small wooden boat, put a stern cockpit look like, in fact, rely on the motor to promote the cruise.
The first tourist attraction of the core scenic spot is Xiaolianzhuang , which is located in the southwest of the ancient town and also the private garden of Liu Xie, the richest man in the late Qing Dynasty in Nanxun. It was built in 1885-1924, covering 27 acres. Originally because the landlords envy the Yuan Dynasty calligrapher Zhao Mengfu built in Huzhou, "Lotus Village", so its own garden named "Little Lotus Village," meaning is not better than the Zhao Mengfu "Lotus Village" big.
Nanxun people have "four elephants, eight cattle, seventy two golden dogs," said that people describe the wealth of five million two hundred silver above, called "elephant", which means wealth is huge. Nanxun ancient town a total of four "elephant" -like figures, the "four" as the first, is the owner of Xiao Lian Zhuang Zhi. This is not the man who Liu Liu was the prime minister of the Qing Dynasty, only two names of the same name only. Nanxun Liu Xun, by operating "series in the lake silk" and made the family, but also ran the salt, real estate, pawn shops, etc., is said in the early years of the Republic of China, Liu Kui is already worth twenty million two silver above. Therefore, in his hometown to build a garden, is simply "a piece of cake."
Small lotus is a quiet private garden, set Jiangnan classical garden architecture Dacheng, the park rockery, monument gallery, pavilions, green everything. The park's most valuable, is that the prime minister Liu Yong calligraphy authentic, the most famous is the park 10 acres of the size of the "pool", the shape of the Dutch pool slightly square, south-west side of the pavilions built pavilions, northeast coast weeping willows And bamboo, full pool is the day of the blue lotus. Because this season is already end Lian Peng, in addition to the lotus leaves are still green, the middle of the pool is filled Lin Peng stems, swaying.
Out from the small lotus, the left hand position is Jia Yatang Library . Jia Yatang library, and the small lotus through a small river, which was built in 1924, covering more than 20 acres, is now the library of Zhejiang Province Library. Currently there are 130,000 deposit books, more than 30,000 tablets.
Library design for the landscape, the main building of Chinese and Western architecture, it is the grandson of Liu Xun's grandson Liu Chenggan built, due to the late Qing Dynasty Emperor Pu Yi plaque "Qinru Jia industry" and famous. Library heyday, 300,000 two silver fee, the collection of 600,000 volumes of books, many of them at home and abroad Cheats and lonely. It is said that Liu Chenggan is still a man who likes carvings and prints books. He has engraved many books and printed them for free to those in need. Anyway, his grandfather Liu Xuan has some money. In 1951, Liu Chenggan donated all the books and collections to the country.
Jia Yatang library most worth seeing is Pu Yi inscription "Qin Ruo Jiaye" Kowloon gold plaque, which hung in the main hall beam. The origin of the name of the book is derived from the "Jiaye" word. Library treasure of the town hall, for the Song "Historical Records", "Han", "Han" and "Three Kingdoms" four sets. The current woodcut version of the library, is still for some users with special needs for printing.
Out of the library, go along the banks of the "D" cross, they came to Zhang Shiming old house . If you want to pick the most representative of the ancient town of Nanxun momentum of the house, Zhang Shiming old house doing my part. This old home is located in the heart of the ancient town of the core. Large area of the old house, covering 5135 square meters, there are colorful, containing 244 Chinese and Western-style rooms, known as the "first home Jiangnan."
Zhang Shiming (1871-1928), whose grandfather was one of the "four images" of Nanxun's richest man. Zhang Shiming was the lord of the Qing dynasty. In his early years, he was a saltman, pawnshop, real estate in Shanghai, then bank and bank business. At the same time, he was also a collector of modern times. His old house Zhejiang Dongyang wood carvings, brick and stone carvings in Anhui Province, France's aquamarine glass sculpture in one, different architectural styles. Such a magnificent old home, is indeed rare in the Yangtze River.
Zhang Shiming old house inside and outside the most two are all Western style buildings, all the floor tiles are all imported from France, the façade using the French red brick door, into the room, there are European ballroom, the top celebrities that year Held a ball here, the grade can even be comparable with the Shanghai Paramount.
And Zhang Shiming old house across the river, is a large town of Nanxun mansion - Liu ladder , Nanxun commonly known as "red house", because most of this old house housing, is red brick, with the house The shape is both Chinese and Western, mainly to the ancient Roman architectural style, such as ancient Roman pillars, European floor tiles, Western furniture. So how do you see, as if with the southern Yangtze River catch a trace of relations.
The house's owner, Liu Tiqing, is the third son of Liu Jiu, the richest man. The old house built in the 34th year of Guangxu not only shows the earlier opening of the ancient town in Nanxun, but also serves as a proof that Western culture infiltrated the Jiangnan Water Village. Just such a Western style architecture, its appearance is still quite satisfactory Chinese-style buildings wrapped.
Lau ladder number was built in 1908, the most worth seeing inside is the red brick wall. The old house has two red brick houses, the appearance of all kinds of red bricks in addition to the same, but also decorated with similar to the ancient Roman arch, there is the arch window, no window out of the French glass are decorated with a variety of patterns. Into the red house, you will suddenly came to a foreign country.
From Liu's ladder came out to Zhang Jingjiang's former residence , walking about 20 minutes or so, to go through the East Avenue, walked back to the floor of the hundred oral. Because into the former residence need to brush tickets, so the first day did not arrange visits.
Zhang Jingjiang, born in Nanxun in 1877, is also one of the "four images" of the richest man in Nanxun County. Zhang Jingjiang met Sun Yat-sen in his early years in business in Europe, and later became one of the founders of the Republic by his full support of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's cause.
The former residence of Zhang Jingjiang was built by his father during the Tongzhi years of the Qing Dynasty. The typical late Qing dynasty Jiangnan Mansion house is tall and deep. Among the old houses in the ancient town of Nanxun, the former residence of Zhang Jingjiang can be regarded as the tallest building and the outer wall has a horse head The wall, also called the "sealed volcano wall", is exactly the same as the building adjacent to it.
Zhang Jingjiang former residence is very simple, there is no basic high-end luxury decoration, so the residence is now split Zhang Jingjiang life exhibition hall, which has a large number of historical data and pictures systematically tells the story of Zhang Jingjiang's life, a lot of information is domestic Rare outside If you like to study the history of the Republic of China, you must go to the former residence to see where the physical objects, photographs and historical materials are displayed.
Write in the end
Nanxun ancient town two-day trip to visit the end of the former residence of Zhang Jingjiang even ended. In Nanxun Ancient Town, the greatest feeling is that there are still more than 20,000 indigenous inhabitants of the ancient town where they live. In China, a lot of ancient town construction is to move out residents, but to form a completely enclosed scenic spot. As everyone knows, there is no activity of the ancient town, it is not called the town, up to count as a scenic spot. Because the soul of an ancient town, there is the humanistic spirit. In Nanxun, I found its essence.
Nanxun ancient town, a humane town, a most authentic Jiangnan Water Village.