Looking for the old emperor of Shunzhi - Mount Wutai
Wutai Mountain and Emei Mountain in Sichuan, Jiuhua Mountain in Anhui, and Putuo Mountain in Zhejiang are collectively known as the “Famous Four Famous Mountains of Buddhism” and the first place in Wutai Mountain. In fact, I don’t know much about religious mountains. This also includes our local Mount Emei.
I know Mount Wutai, but also because of Chen Xiaochun's "Ludingji". Wei Xiaobao went to the Qingliang Temple in Wutai Mountain to find the old emperor of Shunzhi and was later ordered to protect Wutai Mountain to protect the emperor. The version was read many times before slowly letting me make an impression on Mount Wutai. Later, he also knew that Lu Zhishen had committed a crime in Water Margin and went to Wutai Mountain as a monk to avoid misfortune.
Of course, I think the main purpose of my coming here is to see if the true and false is really the same thing, and whether it is the same with the film and television story.
Next to the tourist center of the scenic spot, you can see the building, which is said to be built for the "See Mount Wutai" scene theater. I learned about it on the Internet. This is the director of the famous stage director Wang Chaoge. He also directed a "See Pingyao again." In fact, this should be similar to the "impression series" form directed by Zhang Yimou.
There are more than 300 large and small temples in Wutaishan. It is unrealistic to transfer them. Because this is an interim decision, what Raiders did not do, after the scenic area is the friend of Jiang Shu with us. After the end, I had no idea what temples I went to. One mind only wanted to go to Qingliangsi to find the old emperor of Shunzhi, and Lu Zhishen.
To be honest, in this environment, I don't know anything about these allusions and their origins, and I have no interest in them. It's all about holding a curious attitude. These several monuments seem to have been left over from Qianlong.
When I walked out of the first temple and down the mountain, I stumbled across the stone and I didn't know if it was true. The perimeter is completely unprotected and the houses are tattered and in stark contrast to the surrounding temples.
Goodbye to Taiyuan, Hello Pingyao
Today, I plan to go to Shanxi's "Jinci" and "Convention Center" in the morning, and then go to Pingyao in the afternoon. I'll read "Qiao Family Courtyard" along the way.
The first stop after breakfast, the ten landmark buildings in Taiyuan.
To be honest, Taiyuan is a fairly well-planned city with clean and sanitary roads. Comparing with Chengdu's never-ending road, it was really good and could not be better.
We wandered along the banks of the Wei River and sighed at what we saw. Taiyuan can be regarded as the highest rated city in our trip.
According to historical records, at the end of the Sui period, Li Yuan and his son had sent troops from Taiyuan and led 30,000 soldiers took less than half a year to capture Chang'an City. Supporting Yang Di, Emperor Yang’s grandson, as the emperor, he was repealed the second year and established himself as the emperor and established the Tang Dynasty. Only after the Tang Dynasty flourished.
Jinci, formerly known as Jin Wangxi (Tang Shukai), was built to commemorate the King of Jin (汾) and the mother of Qiang Jiang. Located on the shore of the Jinshui River in the southwest of the Hanguan Mountain in Taiyuan City, Shanxi Province, there are dozens of ancient buildings in the city. The environment is elegant and comfortable, and the scenery is beautiful. It is famous for its majestic buildings and superb statue art. It is a unique and precious historical and cultural heritage that integrates Chinese ancient sacrificial architecture, gardens, sculptures, murals, and inscriptions. It is also the center of world architecture, gardening, and sculpture.
One of the spring and autumn tyrants of the Jin country, in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States period, domestic changes took place. The power gradually fell into the hands of several doctors, and some of them adopted feudal exploitation and turned into a landlord class, and some changed taxation. People's heart. At the end of the Spring and Autumn Period, the monarch’s rights began to decline and were eventually divided by the Han, Zhao, and Wei families to form three positions in Jin. Jin Jun became a vassal. This is the famous "three points Jin" in history.
The original intention of building Jinci was to worship, so the location of the building was very focused on the environment and feng shui. Because of this, Jinci is known as the “Xiaojiang Xiaonan”.
Jinci is a place worth visiting. He has a completely different garden style in Jiangnan. He has a strong historical background. There are plenty of wild scriptures to understand. It makes more sense to visit.
At the exit of the scenic spot, there are specialty roasted pears in Shanxi. For me to come to a place, it is sure to try local specialties. The legend also has the effect of relieving cough and phlegm. It is just uncomfortable in the past few days and it comes to a taste. Sweet and sour, I feel pretty good.
Both the Shanxi Provincial Museum and the Geological Museum are free, but they need to be exchanged for valid tickets. Because of the time, I just took a photo outside.
Qiao Family Courtyard
At 2 o'clock in the afternoon, we left Taiyuan and came to the "Qiao Family Courtyard," which was famous for the movie and TV drama of the same name. It displayed the start and development of Qiao's family until the final decline.
During the Qianlong era, Qiao Quanmei and his two brothers separated from each other and bought several homesteads in the northeast corner of the crossing to build buildings. During this period of 200 years, a total of VII passed. In the early days of the War of Resistance Against Japan, due to war, the family fled and the Joe family decayed.
The Qiao Family Courtyard was established in 1756. The entire courtyard is in a double “Hi” shape. It is divided into 6 courtyards, 20 small courtyards and 313 houses. The building area is 4175 square meters. It is surrounded by three streets. Up to 10 meters of closed brick wall, the gate for the gate-style cave, is a traditional house with a northern traditional architecture.
The patriarch Qiao Zhiyong was not only famous for his wealth in the business world at that time, but also he was very strict with his family. In order to prevent children and grandchildren from learning the bad habits of richer children, six family rules have been formulated: one is not allowed to be satisfied, two are not allowed to be abused, three are not allowed to be used, four are not permitted to be used, five are not allowed to be gambling, and six are not allowed to consume alcohol. The children are strictly enforced in the children of the nave. At that time, in the feudal society, giants of wealthy families flocked together, and Qiao Jia has set the rules of “No promise”, showing the uniqueness of Qiao Zhiyong’s family management. Qiao Zhiyong spent a total of six ladies in his life, all of which are continued.
In the early years of his reign, Qiao Guifeng and his friends surnamed Qin were brothers of different surnames. They started business together and bumped into each other. Businesses had losses, and when they were severe, they were almost out of business. After persevering in their efforts, they finally made a fortune.
The sons of Qiao Jia follow the ancestral instructions, have house rules, are not allowed to gamble, are not allowed to accept chanting, are not allowed to drink alcohol, and are diligent and thrifty. As a result, Mr. Qiao’s family is prosperous. The children of Qin surname eat, drink and gambling, and they are wasting their money. Finally, all family productions are spent.
The Qiao family can be so rich, but also because of strict family rules. As the saying goes, Mencius said: "Random is not a round, no moments do not work." Whatever you do, you still have to tell the rules to be able to last a long time.
Pingyao Ancient City
The ancient city of Pingyao was the most pleasant spot on our journey. After arriving at the ancient city, the store has already arranged for the battery car to wait in the parking lot and received us from the inn. This kind of caring service saves us a lot of trouble. At first, I was hesitant when placing orders. What I did not expect was that this was the place where we were most reluctant to leave. It made us feel “home from home”.
Here, I have eaten the "face soup" introduced in "Tongtou China." As for the taste, I think if you add Sichuan, it should be even more delicious.
I will first say here that I am not advertising. There was no recommendation for a stay in the entire travel book. That's because I didn't think that accommodation was a good recommendation. It varied from person to person.
But in this inn, I have to say that when I was doing this trip, I began to investigate. It took almost a month before and after, a variety of comparisons, and finally the order was placed after coming out of Taiyuan.
The inn has a tea culture style and is a design team of Beijing Lao She Tea House. Originally, I returned to the inn. I simply picked up and went to see the night view of the ancient city. When we walked in here, we fell in love with life and began to make a variety of shots.
The Ancient City of Pingyao and the ancient city of Lijiang, the ancient city of Langzhong, and the ancient city of Jixian are collectively referred to as the “four ancient cities” in China. It is also the only ancient county that has achieved success in reporting the world cultural heritage with the entire ancient city.
Although the ancient city and ancient town are all the same, Pingyao does not feel the same. He is not as embarrassing as Lijiang, not as monotonous as in Central China, unlike the ancient city of Yi County. . . (It hasn't been clear since this wasn't.)
The ancient city of Pingyao made people feel more honest. The entire ancient city was immersed in a heavy cultural atmosphere. Walking in the streets of the ancient city, it allowed people to wash their souls, forget about the world's dust and troubles, and feel the beauty of the ancient city.
Ancient city rhyme, strolling the ancient city, entering and exiting, suddenly the sun gradually faded, and the twilight began to dangle. Step by step, Pingyao's vicissitudes and glory are deeply engraved in the soul. Suddenly, Pingyao is not far away, very close, very close, as if to hear the sound and call of the scorpion, two thousand years of leisurely turn from the album of history, except this city, this scene Also retained the atmosphere of the year.
The two-day breakfast in Pingyao is the most stylish breakfast on the journey. Listening to Jiang Shu’s friend last night, he said that there is an ancient temple “Shuanglin Temple” not far from the ancient city of Pingyao. If you are interested in historical monuments, you can take a moment to look tomorrow.
The Shuanglin Temple is a national key cultural relics protection unit. The national AAAAA-class tourist attraction is located in the bridgehead village six kilometers southwest of Pingyao County in Shanxi Province. It is one of the key Buddhist monasteries in the Han area. Shuanglin Temple was formerly known as Zhongdu Temple, and its place is located in the ancient capital of the city. The establishment of Zhongdu Temple was very early. It was difficult to make a final examination because of the lack of detailed records in ancient literature. The oldest surviving monument in the temple is the four-year (1011) “Aunt of the Aunt” in the Northern Song Dynasty. In the old age, the writing was vague, and the 20th line “reconstructing the temple in Wuping for two years” was still recognizable. “The second year of Wuping” (571) is the year of the Northern Qi Dynasty. It is both a rebuilt and its creation was earlier than this. Even from the Northern Qi Dynasty, Zhongdu Temple has experienced more than 1,400 years.
According to my usual practice, if you want to visit historic sites, you still need to explain it. If you look at it, you still have no idea what it is. Perhaps because of Pingyao's fame, few people know this "Shuanglin Temple" and it is rare for people to come and visit.
Shuanglin Temple is included in the World Heritage List together with the ancient city of Pingyao and Zhenguo Temple. Among them, the Shuanglin Temple is a wonderful place in the art and literary world. The color sculpture is famous overseas and is known as the "Ancient Sculpture Museum." (For the protection of cultural relics, it is forbidden to take pictures of the statue)
The creators of Shuanglin Temple are ancient and not known folk art masters. They have been handed down from generation to generation, diligent in learning, and constantly summing up experiences. These statues reflect the wisdom and creativity of our ancient working people.
Because of the protection of cultural relics, Shuanglin Temple is no longer a simple temple. The state is more concerned with the protection of history and it is built in the direction of museums.
Shanxi bowl bald, is a kind of food made of instant noodles. It is now a kind of snack in Shanxi. I always wanted to taste this taste. I thought I had lunch again. I gave up, because we also ate several times in the bowl of the restaurant. I didn't think the taste was very amazing. I just thought that the snack was small. The taste of street vendors is authentic,
We both seized the time to sweep the points of the money house, the game, and the underground vault. It was a visit to this place. Although the time was tense, we were approaching the time to get off work. The tourists in the scenic spot were few. Few, almost no one.
The sights at 5 o'clock were closed, and on the way back to the inn, we went to visit a vinegar workshop. In fact, for the first time, I thought that vinegar could be used as a drink and play, and it was still so good. We tasted a three-year vinegar. It felt like drinking apple cider vinegar. It tasted like a lever. At a glance, it was a lever. The most expensive is more than 200 pounds of vinegar. . . For those of us who use vinegar as an ingredient, think about it.
Real Tyrant, Wang Family Courtyard
The Wang Family Courtyard is another famous compound in Shanxi Province. It has a long history and a more brilliant history than the Qiao House. The Wang Family Courtyard was built by the Wang Family of Jingsheng County during the Ming and Qing dynasties and was built over 300 years ago. It consists of a five-lane, six-burg block street with a total area of 250,000 square meters. Now it has become an architectural art museum with Han cultural characteristics.
The architectural pattern of the Wangjia Courtyard inherits the courtyard style of the Qiantang Houyi formed in the Western Zhou Dynasty in China. It not only provides enough space for external exchanges, but also meets the requirements of the inner private atmosphere, and it has achieved a high level of respect and nobleness. Young and orderly, men and women are different, and their living functions are readily available, fully embodying the dignity of the bureaucracy and the rituals of the patriarchal system. The courtyard is built on a hill and is arranged from low to high four-story courtyards, symmetrically and symmetrically, with a main road in the middle, forming a very regular “king” shape.
There is a saying that, entering the Wang Family Courtyard, it is a glorious history of Jin Merchants in the past. Wang Grand Courtyard is known for its majestic and magnificent scale, sighs architectural art, deep and heavy cultural tastes, and has been praised by many experts and scholars at home and abroad as "Chinese Folk Palace." It has a common word of mouth with Jiuzhai in Sichuan Province: "The royal family does not return to the hospital."
The most important reason why the Lao Wang family can be so prosperous is to strictly abide by a family rule. Master Wang Jiaxun requires that the descendants behave in good faith and behave in good faith. They must not engage in illegal activities. In the compound, all kinds of brick sculptures, stone carvings, and plaques are also embodies the family's attention to family training and family style.
The Wang Family Courtyard has made a lot of contributions to the film and television industry. In recent years, there have been more than ten television series such as "The Past 100 Years in the Bohai Sea", "Guanzhong Past", "Iron Pear" and "Luliang Heroes".
Located in Hongdong County, Shanxi Province, Hongdong Dashushu Seeking Roots and Ancestral Garden is the only folk sacred place with the theme of “seeking roots” and “cultivating ancestors” and is a key cultural relics protection unit in Shanxi Province. In April each year, there are ten days of "root-seeking ancestors festival."
Many people in Henan and Shanxi regard the eucalyptus trees as a kind of auspicious tree. In the past, they like to plant eucalyptus trees at the gates and crossroads, and regard those ancient banyan trees as “sacred trees”. There are only two generations and three generations of big banyan trees in the scenic spot. The generation is missing. Now it is a man-made big banyan tree.
Rainbow over Hukou Waterfall
Last night, I lived in the entrance of the scenic area, from the scenic gate to the Hukou Waterfall, about 4 kilometers away. After we had breakfast, we decided to go on foot.
Hukou Waterfall is located at the junction of Shanxi and Shaanxi, west of Yichuan County, Shaanxi Province, and east of Ji County, Shanxi Province. It is a natural waterfall formed when the middle reaches of the Yellow River pass through the Shanxi-Shaanxi Grand Canyon. It is also the three largest waterfalls in China along with Detian Falls on the Sino-Vietnamese border and Huangguoshu Waterfall in Guizhou Province.
Before coming, everyone said that the Yellow River in April was the most embarrassing period. It was neither beautiful nor spectacular. Because at this time the amount of water is the least, see the Hukou Waterfall there is no rough scene. But when we saw it, it suddenly felt that such scenery was still not beautiful, not spectacular, what kind of scenery would be the most beautiful.
"I don't see you. The waters of the Yellow River come to heaven, and they run back to the sea and they don't return."
The famous poet Li Baiyi's population in the Tang Dynasty has drawn a spectacular picture of the Yellow River rush.
"Keeper of Asia" Ke Shouliang and Ji Zhaofei (Zhu Zhaohui) successfully drove the Yellow River Hukou Waterfall successively by driving a car and a motorcycle.
Here, let me spit on the expressway about Shanxi. The road conditions are very good, the road is straight, and the traffic volume is very small. That is, the speed limit is too disgusting. Since it entered the territory of Shanxi, the speed has basically not exceeded 100 kilometers. Such a good road section is also a speed limit of 80 kilometers, really do not understand the traffic control department is out of what kind of consideration.